# MATH

MATH Lessons, Lesson Plans, Worksheets, and Activities for teaching 2nd Grade - 3rd Grade - 4th Grade - 5th Grade - 6th Grade - 7th Grade - 8th Grade - Elementary - Middle School

## MATH Lessons

**Add or Subtract**

Learn to use addition or subtraction.

**Estimation and Measurement: Looking at the Blue Whale**

This math estimation and measurement lesson consists of an article about the blue whale to be read individually and then discussed in groups, facilitated by the teacher.

**Making change: Working with Money**

The lesson consists of a series of number sentences, in the form of a story, which the children have to work out in sequence in order to answer the last question correctly.

**Add or Subtract Part 2**

Learn to use addition or subtraction for solving problems. Part 2.

**Learning to Multiply**

An introduction to multiplication.

**Solving Problems Part 1 - Addition**

Solving addition problems part 1.

**Solving Problems Part 2 - Addition and Subtraction**

Solving addition and subtraction problems part 2.

**Geometry: Area & Perimeter**

Teach the students the meaning of the terms area and perimeter and learn how to calculate them.

**Halves, Thirds and Quarters ? Exploring Fractions**

A discussion of fractions, facilitated by the teacher using visual aids, is followed by a visual problem and word problems to help the children understand the basics of fractions.

**Where am I? ? Position in Space**

An introduction to the concept of mathematics having its own language followed by the use of positional words. Activities that follow include a treasure hunt where one group follows the directions given by another to a well-hidden treasure.

**Positive and Negative Numbers- An Introduction with Addition and Money**

Students will be introduced to positive and negative numbers and money.

**Does it add up? ? Applying Arithmetic Operations to Solve Everyday Problems**

The lesson emphasizes the use of math in day to day life.

**Circles, Cylinders, Cones and Spheres ? Comparing 2-D and 3-D Objects**

Children practice in predicting the expansion of simple patterns and also encourages them to think about the 2-D faces on 3-D shapes.

**What is the time? Measurements of Time**

The reading introduces the children to the analogue clock and should be used as a class discussion, preferably with visual aids in the form of clocks which they can handle and whose hands they can manipulate.

**Times Tables - Multiplication**

The lesson is an introduction to multiplication. Although the reading is designed for individual and pair work the children need a great deal of practice in using both the repeated addition method and the table provided.

**Percentages Introduction**

The reading introduces the children to the basic concept of percentages and should form part of a class discussion. Activity A allows the children to visually conceptualize percent as part of a hundred.

**Math ? Pictures and Bars ? Learning About Graphs**

The reading introduces the children to graphs and shows them how to use picture and bar graphs to record everyday data. It is designed to be used as part of a class discussion.

**Math ? < > = ? Greater Than, Less Than, Equals**

The reading may be used individually or in pairs but the concept should be discussed in class and the children should be allowed to experiment with concrete objects before completing the activities.

**Fractions and Percentages**

Activity A deals with changing percentages into fractions and simplifying the fractions.

**Pies and Percentages - Learning About Pie Graphs**

Activity A gives them the opportunity to practice working out the percentage of a section of a circle while Activity B requires them to draw their own pie graph using the data.

**What is the Day Today? ? Measurements of Time**

Most children will come to this lesson with prior knowledge of the days and months of the year. This lesson aims to extend that knowledge. Visual aid in the form of a calendar will enrich the lesson.

**Solid Shapes ? Comparing 3-D Objects**

The lesson builds upon preceding lessons on 2-D shapes and introduces the different aspects of 3-D objects. Depending upon the children?s reading levels, the reading could be done individually or in pairs.

**Learning About Triangles**

This lesson introduces triangles. It is designed to follow a lesson on drawing angles, and assumes that the children are able to use a protractor to measure angles.

**Grids and Coordinates**

This lesson introduces the first quadrant of the coordinate plane. Activity A gives the children practice in plotting a point on the grid, using given coordinates. Activity B provides an exercise in naming the coordinates of a point.

**Odd and Even Numbers**

This lesson introduces the concept of odd and even numbers. Activity A requires children to identify sets of odd and even numbers. Activity B is an exercise in skip-counting odd and even numbers.

**Prime Numbers**

This lesson introduce prime and composite numbers. It gives the children an opportunity to use the sieve method to identify the prime numbers from 1 to 100.

**Introducing Polygons**

This lesson assumes knowledge of basic shapes. It builds on this knowledge by identifying and naming a number of the more common polygons.

**Learning About Subtraction**

This lesson introduces the concept of subtraction. The reading is designed to be used by the children themselves, but at this level the teacher may wish to use it as a shared reading activity.

**Recognizing and Matching Numbers**

This lesson serves to reinforce the knowledge of the former and teach number sequencing, number recognition and one to one matching to the latter. Activity A provides an exercise in number recognition and matching and Activity B is a sequencing exercise.

**Word Problems Using Addition and Subtraction**

The students will solve words problems using addition and subtraction.

**Rounding Whole Numbers**

A math lesson in rounding to the nearest ten, hundred, and thousand place. Students will look over examples and answer questions.

**Patterns**

This lesson introduces the concept of patterns. It is designed to be part of a paired reading session.

**Greater Than, Less Than**

This lesson introduces the concepts of ?greater than?, ?less than?, and ?equal to?.

**Telling Time**

This is an introductory lesson about how to tell time.

**Perimeter and Area**

This is an introductory lesson about area and perimeter.

**Triangles Introduction**

This is an introductory lesson about triangles and their classification.

**Simple Units of Measurement**

This is an introductory lesson about simple units of measurement and how they relate to one another.

**Percentages**

This lesson explains percentages.

**Ratios**

This lesson explains ratios.

**How to Read a Ruler**

This lesson introduces students to the ruler.

**Rounding and Estimation**

This lesson explains how to round off numbers.

**Adding Fractions**

This lesson tells students how to correctly add fractions.

**Algebraic Equations**

This lesson introduces students to algebraic equations.

**Averages**

This lesson informs students how to average numbers.

**Converting Fractions and Decimals**

This lesson tells students how to convert fractions into decimals.

**Multiplying and Dividing Fractions**

This lesson tells students how to correctly multiply and divide fractions.

**Order of Operations**

This lesson informs students of the proper order of mathematical operations.

**Reducing Fractions or Simplifying Fractions**

This lesson explains how to reduce or simplify fractions.

**Roman Numerals**

This lesson introduces students to the Roman numeral system.

**Exponents**

This lesson introduces students to exponents.

**Probability**

This lesson introduces students to probability.

**Pythagoras of Samos**

This lesson introduces students to Pythagoras and Pythagoreans.

**Polygons**

This lesson introduces students to polygons.

**Volume**

This lesson introduces students to volume.

**All About Circles**

The lesson builds upon the children?s prior knowledge of circles and introduces them to the different parts of a circle and the terminology used. The reading is designed to be used by the children themselves, individually or in pairs.

**More, Less and the Same**

Activity A requires the children to indicate sets of objects which are more or less than a given set and Activity B requires them to identify sets which contain the same number of objects.

**Perfect Squares**

The lesson introduces the children to square roots using whole numbers.

**Rounding Decimals**

This lesson is designed to reinforce the children?s understanding of rounding by introducing the rounding of decimals.

**Graphs**

This lesson introduces students to graphs.

**The Distributive Property of Multiplication**

This lesson introduces students to the Distributive Property of Multiplication.

**Properties of Addition**

This lesson introduces students to the Commutative Property of Addition and the Associative Property of Addition.

**Properties of Multiplication: Commutative and Associative**

This lesson introduces students to the Commutative Property of Multiplication and the Associative Property of Multiplication.

**Division and Divisibility**

This lesson introduces students to rules for divisibility.

**Multiplication: Cents and Decimals**

This lesson introduces students to multiplication using cents and decimals.

**Using Metric Units**

This lesson introduces students to metric units of measurement.

**Math ? Classification: Venn Diagrams**

The lesson introduces the children to simple Venn diagrams, and shows them how to classify objects using this graphic method.