This lesson familiarizes students with the Incas.
• To be able to identify the importance of stone to the Incas.
To be able to describe the Incan empire.
To be able to explain who Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui was.
To be able to identify who Pizarro was.
The Incas built curving roads through the cliffs and valleys of the Andes Mountains. They actually built over fourteen thousand miles of roadways. In some cases, these paths were connected by rope bridges and tunnels.
The Incas lived in an area that was filled with oceans and mountains. There were areas of vegetation and areas of rocky sparseness. The variety of this landscape allowed them to fish on the coast, raise llamas and alpacas in the valleys, and grow crops. They also terraced the mountainsides.